Tenses Review

Present Perfect

The present perfect tense is used to talk about an action that started in the past and continues in the present.

auxiliar have/has + past participle

For example:

  • She has studied at Santa Cecilia since 2006.

  • He has been to Italy more than three times.

  • I have never tasted chocolate.

Present Perfect Progressive

This tense is used to talk about an action that strated in the past, continues in the present and will keep on going on.

auxiliar have/has + been + verb -ing

For example:

  • I have been reading this book since yesterday.

  • We have just been talking about you.

  • She has been eating an apple since the class started.

Past Perfect

It is used in order to talk about an action that started some time in the past, but now it has stopped.

auxiliar had + past participle

For example:

  • I had considered studying medicine until I changed my mind.

  • He had walked ten miles when we found him.

  • She had never practiced an extreme sport, so we encouraged her.

Past Perfect Progressive

We can use this tense when we want to talk about an action that had been going on for some time in the past, but now it has stopped.

auxiliar had + been + verb -ing

For example:

  • She had been thinking about getting in law school, but then she decided to go for economy.

  • We had just been talking about the history teacher when he arrived.

  • He had been playing outside when the car hit him.

Future Perfect

It is used to talk about an action that will start and end at an specific moment in the future.

will + auxiliar have + past participle

For example:

  • He will have finished the book by the end of the week.

  • She will have called the police at the moment she sees the man that stole her purse.

  • We will have written the essay in thirty minutes.

Future Perfect Progressive

This tense can be used when we are talking about an action that will end at an specific moment in the future.

will + auxiliar have + been + verb -ing

For example:

  • I will have been finishing my work by the time he starts.

  • She will have been turning sixteen on september.

  • We will have been writing an essay by the time we do the trimestral exam.

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